Benefits of Functional Foods enriched with vitamins and supplements for the prevention of diseases and maintaining good health for inmates, depending on their living conditions:

Plant food and source foods saturated with useful vegetable

fats and vitamins. During 1947 in Japan Япония a series of

experiments were carried out concerning the feeding in camps of

imprisoned. The diet ranges from saturated animal fat to

completely fat-free and carbohydrate-only foods. Various health

anomalies have been demonstrated, such as the lack of a vitamin B

complex, for example in the production of insulin. According to

current research, the role of the missing in the diet of Omega 3 and

Omega 6 is significant in psychiatric illnesses such as depression

and schizophrenia, as well as others. Considering the high level of

psychiatric problems in prisoners ( report of the World Healthy

Organization for the health of the inmates in Bulgaria is attached at

the end), the need for them to be present in the diet of detainees

behind bars is critical.

Anomalous Manifestations Of Malnutrition In Japanese Prison Camps

Author(s): R. G. S. Whitfield

Source: The British Medical Journal

Benefits of omega-3 supplementation for schoolchildren: review of the

current evidence

Author(s): Amanda Kirby, Amelia Woodward and Sarah Jackson

Source: British Educational Research Journal, Vol. 36, No. 5 (October


Vitamin A and the prevention of Infectious Diseases –

Vitamin A is called the anti-inflammatory vitamin, and recent

clinical studies have shown that it increases the body’s immunity

and resistance to infections. In the context of the Coronavirus

Pandemic 2020, the relevance of daily intake of vitamins as a

prevention of infectious diseases is extremely relevant.

Vitamin A, Immunity, and Infection

Author(s): Richard D. Semba

Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Sep., 1994),

Harmful food, which do not contain benefit substance as a

precondition of violence

Food in the prison and the need to be reduced the harmful foods:

John Stein, Professor of Neuropsychology, Department of Psychology,

Anatomy and Genetics, Oxford University, wrote in a letter in 2012 to

the British Medical Journal: Prison meals meet nutritional guidelines, but

purchased items- much of it “junk” food- may not.3 We analyzed

macronutrient and energy content of food available in a canteen from a

representative young offenders institution. The products typically

provided high levels of fats, sugars, and energy. Some products were also

relatively high in sodium. Products tended to lack vitamins, minerals,

and fibre, and if eaten instead of nutritious foods could lead to

micronutrient deficiencies. Some items contained trans-fats, which have

well established implications for cardiac health. An unrestricted supply

of high sugar products may lead to excessive consumption, thereby

disrupting metabolic and neurophysiological processes. Proportionately

less sugar routed through the non-oxidative glucose metabolic pathway

is a predictor of violent impulsive behaviour.4 Excessive daily

consumption of confectionary in children may predict criminal violence

and convictions in adulthood,5 and increased consumption of sugar

sweetened carbonated drinks is associated with violent behavior in

adolescents.6 Importantly, reduced consumption of snack-foods is

associated with reduced offending and self harm in prison.7 These are

important considerations in the context of a prison environment. . HM

Prison Service has a duty to ensure the health of its residents.

Availability of canteen products may run contrary to this, but the removal

of such items may create resistance among prisoners. A slow incremental

alteration of available items, alongside promotion of alternative

healthier ones, may improve prisoners’ health.

Reduce junk food consumption

Author(s): Jonathan Tammam, Louise Gillam, Bernard Gesch and John


Source: BMJ: British Medical Journal, Vol. 345, No. 7880 (27 October


“The prison diet is the cause of Aggression”, is the title of an article

published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

But the point of the research of the physiologist Bernard Gesh is to

demonstrate that the correct supplements can reduce the violence level in

the prisons. The research is among 700 inmates at the age between 16

and 20 years old, at the the harshest institution in the Great Britain “Her

Majesty’s Young Offenders Institution Polmont” and prove that the

aggressive behavior is a result of bag diet.

Diet Causes Violence. The Lab? Prison

Author(s): John Bohannon

Source: Science, New Series, (Sep. 25,2009)

The answer of the Ivar Mysterud ( Behavioral Psychologist at the

University of Oslo, Norway) is elementary “Get rid of the Sugar and

highly processed foods, improve your diet and give nutritional

imbalances to prisoners containing minerals, vitamins and healthy fats.”

Diet Causes Violence. The Lab? Prison

Author(s): John Bohannon

Source: Science, New Series, (Sep. 25,2009)

In addition, nutrients protect and support the treatment of the

cardiovascular diseased and immunodeficiency related to vision and

oral cavity. Based on the fact that the Bulgarian prisons are among

the few that already lack dental care and competent health care

within the institutions, prevention is of paramount importance.

Efficacy of vitamin and antioxidant supplements in prevention of cardiovascular

disease:systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Author(s): Seung-Kwon Myung, Woong Ju, Belong Cho, Seung-Won Oh, Sang

Min Park,Bon-Kwon Koo, Byung-Joo Park and Korean Meta-Analysis

(KORMA) Study Group

Source: BMJ: British Medical Journal

Low Vitamin D among HIV-Infected Adults: Prevalence of and Risk Factors for

LowVitamin D Levels in a Cohort of HIV-Infected Adults and Comparison to

Prevalence amongAdults in the US General Population

Author(s): Christine N. Dao, Pragna Patel, E. Turner Overton, Frank Rhame,

Sherri L. Pals,Christopher Johnson, Timothy Bush and John T. Brooks

Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases

Diagnosis and management of vitamin D deficiency

Author(s): Simon H S Pearce and Tim D Cheetham

Source: BMJ: British Medical Journal, Vol. 340, No. 7738 (16 January 2010),

pp. 142-147

Published by: BMJ

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